Basic Rules of Baseball

Baseball, baseball or baseball, is a team competition sport, widespread in America and Asia. Popular sources attribute its creation to the American Abner Doubleday, but the most serious references indicate that it is a sport of very ancient origins. Its name is a Spanishization of the term base-ball, which means “ball-base.” If you want to know in depth about the game Baseball, please look at Mattinglybaseball.

Regulatory Entity

Baseball, on an international scale, is regulated by the International Baseball Federation (IBAF: International Baseball Association), an entity created in 1938, and whose headquarters are in Lausanne, Switzerland. This body has undergone several name changes, mergers and restructuring. Its current structure dates from 1973.

The match


The objective of the game is to accumulate more points than the opposing team at the end of a series of turns. Each game turn is called an entry, and consists of two phases: in the first phase (high part) a team plays offensively, trying to score points; and in the second phase (lower part) the teams reverse the roles. Every point in baseball is called a career.

The game consists of 9 entries, and the team that scores the most runs at the end will be the winner. If both teams are tied at the end of the nine innings, additional entries continue to be played until one team exceeds the other. On some occasions, this makes the games get very long; and for this, varied solutions have been imposed: leave the game in a draw, and if the championship subsequently depends on that result, play it again. Or the game is interrupted to continue on another occasion, with the same score.

How points are scored

The baseball field is essentially a square called diamond. In the center of the diamond is placed a player of the defensive team, called pitcher or pitcher. One of the corners of the diamond has a special mark on the floor called home, or home plate. On one side of the home there is a team player on the offensive: the batter.

The pitcher throws a ball at home, and the batter will attempt to hit it with a wooden or metal club called bat, or bat. The blow must try to get the ball to a valid area of ​​the field, without the players of the other team being able to catch it.

After batting in this way, the batter releases the bat and will attempt to travel the perimeter of the diamond, base by base. If you manage to travel it and get back home, your team is credited with a career. The defensive team players are distributed on the field trying to prevent this goal.

Court Dimensions

Baseball is played in a field that must be covered by law. The diamond is defined as a grass-free path, which runs in a square of 90 feet (27 m) in length, which is marked with a line drawn in lime. In the corner where the batter is located there is a pentagonal plate called home plate. In the other corners are placed padded boxes called bases, which are listed counter-clockwise, from the first to the third. In that sense a player must go on the offensive when trying to score a race.

The diamond line that goes from home to first base, and the one that goes from home to third base, extends 320 feet from home, giving the field extra space behind the bases. That space beyond the bases is called outfield (also called gardens), while the diamond area is called infield.

The outfield and the infield constitute the fair zone (valid play zone), while the rest of the field is considered foul (invalid zone).

Number of players

Nine players per team. When the team is on the offensive, each player consecutively receives an opportunity to hit and then score a run through the bases.

The defensive team players are located on the field, namely:

  1. The pitcher, who is located in the center of the diamond to make the throws from a slightly elevated area, which is called a mound.
  2. The receiver or catcher, is located behind the home to receive the pitches that the batter fails, and for other moves that require it.
  3. A player at each base, designated by the name of the guarding base, first, second and third base.
  4. Between second and third base, an additional player called shortstop or shortstop.
  5. Three players in the extensive area called outfield: they are outfielders or gardeners. They are designated as left, center and right, seen from the perspective of the batter, or the catcher.

Summary of the main basic rules of baseball

The rule states that the home team starts playing defensively.

If a batter fails to attempt to hit the ball, that fault is counted as strike. If you accumulate three strikes in your turn, it is out. You must return to the bench (dugout) and another player takes a turn with the bat.

When three players on the offense have been put out, the offensive turn of the team ends. The team that was on the defensive now goes on the offensive, and vice versa.

If the batter does not attempt to hit the ball, and the throw goes through an area where he could have hit it, the throw is counted as a strike. If it passes outside that area, it is counted as a ball. The assessment of this is the responsibility of an arbitrator (called a umpire) who stands behind the catcher, and whose opinion is final.

When the batter accumulates four balls, he is granted the right to move to first base and become a runner. This also occurs when a pitcher’s shot hits the batter, unless it is evident that he got in the way of the ball.

If the batter hits the ball, and it falls into the foul zone, the play is invalid. The first two times this happens, it is counted as a strike. Subsequent times do not count in any way. If a defensive player catches the ball before it hits the ground, the batter is out.

If the batter hits the ball, and it falls in the fair zone, he becomes a runner: he will leave the bat, and try to reach first base. Defensive players must pick up the ball and try to touch the runner with it, or else step on the base with the ball in their possession. If the player who picks up the ball is too far from the base, he can throw it at another player near the pad to complete the play. If he succeeds, the runner will be out.

In general, an offensive runner is out if he is not stepping on a base and a defensive player touches him with the ball. Or if he has to move to a base, and a defensive player has the ball and steps on that base. The runner has to move to the next base, if after a batting play, a runner tries to get from the previous base to the base where he is.

If the batter hits the ball and a defensive player catches it before touching the ground, it will be out.

If the batter hits the ball and it leaves the field above the fence at the end of it, in the fair zone, home run or home run is decreed: the player can walk the bases and score a run for his team. If there are runners in the bases, they also score. It is important that all runners step on the bases in the course.

Pigeon in baseball

The player (in this case the pitcher) has to make “contact” on the plate that is located in the center of the mound to start throwing; When this happens, the play gets “alive” and the pitcher can proceed to throw the ball.

When the pitcher makes a play called review, this can be explained by the movement that he makes to throw from the plate or hill of picheo to one of the bases (first base, second base, third base) to try to get (out ) to the player of the opposing team that is running on any of the bases already mentioned.


The player (in this case the pitcher) when presenting the ball, will not be able to make a deception move to throw at the bases unless he really throws, otherwise a walk is marked, this means that the runner advances a base with the authorization of the umpire. This deception can be given by an abrupt movement in the shoulders or literally by a movement of throwing at the base and not releasing the ball.