Muga Silk: Golden Treasure of Assam

muga silk saree


Other than its picturesque tea plantations, Assam is also famous for its Muga Silk. This gorgeous fabric is mainly known for its natural golden tint and extreme durability. Back in the days, the fabric was only reserved for the Royals. In fact, even till today, it is considered to be one of the expensive fabrics. The fabric has gained more name and popularity over the years. Today, the fabric is considered to be one of the important fabrics for wedding occasions and as traditional wear. Today, in this particular article we are going to explore the history of Muga Silk. If you are looking for a good collection of Muga Silk then you can check Stylecaret.

Origin and History

Sericulture is practiced in Assam since, time immemorial. The first production of Muga silk came under the spotlight during the period of the Ahom Dynasty (1228-1826). It was during this time that the production of muga silk became popular. It slowly became an important part of the economic and social lives of the people of Assam. Kings of the Ahom dynasty were known to don this gorgeous fabric. The fabric was actually stocked in the kingdom and was offered as the finest offering to the visitors.

In the year 2007, Muga Silk has been given the Geographical Indication status. The logo of authentic production has also been registered with Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. The muga silk products that are produced in Assam are inspected by the Central Silk Board of India. They certify the authenticity of the products and allow the traders to make use of the GI logo.

Weaving process

muga saree

Garo community of Assam are the main producers of the famous Muga silk.  The silk is obtained from the semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm known as Antheraea Assamensis. These silkworms are known to feed on the leaves of Soalu and Som plants. The silk that is produced by these silkworms is known for its durability and glossy texture.

A silk farmer is required to access at least an acre of land in order to cultivate about 400 grams of muga silk at a go. To be more precise, 1000 cocoons can produce only 125 grams of silk whereas to craft a muga silk saree you at least need 1000 grams of silk. Thus, you can very well understand the difference between the two from which you get the idea of why it is such an expensive fabric. It takes around two months in order to weave a single muga silk saree. Starting from rearing the silkworm to finishing the product, it takes around two months and at times even more. However, the actual process of weaving takes only 10 days to get completed. For quality muga silk sarees you can check Stylecaret. Here on this site, you can get authentic muga silk sarees.

Special features

special features of muga silk saree

You will find the following features in the muga silk fabric:

  1. The fabric is mainly known for its shine and natural golden color which is also the most unique feature of the fabric. It is said that the shine of the fabric improves with each wash and thus, making it a product that is capable of lasting a lifetime.
  2. The muga silk is derived from a special type of silkworm that is cultivated in Assam.
  3. Muga silk is one of the costliest silk in the world. it takes a lot of effort and time in order to craft a single piece of muga silk saree. Unlike other sarees, muga silk sarees are not available in plenty.
  4. The muga mekhela chador, which is the traditional dress of the Assamese women remains one of the most coveted fashion attires for the locals.
  5. It takes about 2 months and more in order to craft a single muga silk saree.


The golden tint of the fabric is the main selling point of this silk. However, other colors are added via zari work and embroidery in order to make the product look even more attractive. However, if you wish to witness the true beauty of a muga silk saree then you should go for the typical yellow base saree. It is known to have a classic touch to itself. You can find these types of muga silk sarees at Stylecaret.


Mekhela chador is basically a two-piece saree which is the traditional wear of the Assamese women. It is often worn during weddings. This two-piece saree is actually the biggest variety of this fabric.

You also get reeha, which is the piece of the muga silk fabric. It is worn during special occasions like festivals, pujas, and weddings. You also get dress material and shawls made of muga silk.


How to identify a muga silk saree?

You can come across a number of silk sarees that are claimed to be made of the muga silk fabric. But you never know what the truth is unless you check it for yourself. When it comes to identifying an original muga silk saree, you need a special type of microscope. That’s the only way you can identify whether it is made of real muga silk or not. However, the GI logo and the strict quality check ensure that you are actually holding an original product. Since it is an extremely expensive fabric you have every right to know whether you are getting the real muga silk or not. If you come across sellers offering you discounts on muga silk, then there are chances that the product is a fake one. Avoid buying such products from the market. For authentic muga silk sarees, you can check the site called Stylecaret.

Overall, it can be concluded that Muga silk is the treasure and pride of Assam. It is one of the most expensive silk fabrics that are produced in Assam. It takes more than two months to make a single muga silk saree. The golden tint and the shine of the muga silk fabric is something that you simply cannot ignore.