Ultimate Guide To Pond Filtration Equipment And Types

Pond Filtration Equipment And Types

Originally posted on January 15, 2020 @ 8:21 am

A pond is a worthwhile investment in your outdoors. This fits a residential property, commercial property, or farm. However, the pond requires adequate maintenance to give you good value for your money. Keeping this beautiful feature in your outdoors requires an understanding of filtration requirements. This is an essential aspect to maintain the beauty and health of your water feature. Here is an ultimate guide to pond filtration systems and types.

Necessary equipment for pond filtration

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Basic equipment is required when looking forward to ensuring appropriate filtration in your pond. Keep in mind that the equipment depends on the type of filtration. You are going to discover the types of filtration after understanding the necessary equipment. Here is a list of equipment for pond filtration that you should know.


Available in various options, filters sieve debris and other materials from distracting water flow. The options for pond filters include biological, mechanical, and chemical. You have to work with a professional to recommend the best type of filter for your pond. There is a chance of requiring a combination of filters. You can as well use mechanical and biological filters on your pond. Selecting a filter depends on how to mount it in the water with options including external and submersible filters.


Selecting top fountains pumps for your pond requires understanding the pond size and gallons of water it has. Fortunately, there are various methods to determine this without knowing the size of the pond. Understanding the pond size makes selecting the pump matching the filtration requirements for your pond.

A poorly sized pump that can’t handle the water volume going through wastes money and causes headaches. You have to work with a professional to determine the right pump size for your needs. Additionally, selecting a pump for your pond should consider the pressure and volume of water pumping through the system. Ponds need low pressure to allow a high volume of water to go through the filtration system.


Tiny ponds need a submersible pump and might not require any piping. If you have a larger pond, it should have a pump house with piping for the filtration system. Determining the pipe sizing for the filtration system requires determining the distance of the pump house and the amount of water to go through the pipe. The ideal piping should exceed 2 inches.

Some ponds require specialized filtration that needs additional supplies for the filtration system. You can as well opt for a special filtration system with UV filtration device. This exposes algae to more light to support killing more bacteria. Material for the pond also matters. Ponds lined with plastic need a different filtration system.

Factors when selecting pong equipment include:
Size of the pond
Purpose for the pond
nature of the fish in your pond
Initial cost of the equipment
Running cost of the equipment

Type of pond filtration systems

After understanding the basic equipment for your pond filtration, it is time to discover the types of filtration available. Here are the types of filtration systems.

Chemical filtration

Not every pond can withstand chemical filtration. Ponds prone to chemical contamination need a chemical filter. Presence of organic and inorganic chemicals in the pond including resin and carbon is harmful to pond health. A chemical filter is necessary to maintain your pond properly from excessive ammonia levels for good bacteria and fish to thrive. Chemical filtration will bring back the pond’s chemical balance.

Mechanical filtration

Also known as physical filtration, this is the cheapest basic filtration system for a pond. Eliminating debris and algae from your pond requires filtration. Mechanical filtration eliminates debris and algae to keep your pond clean and clear. However, the mechanical filter needs regular cleaning to work effectively. Mechanical pond filtration is easier to set up and manipulate to meet your needs. However, you have to mind the size and condition of the mechanical filter. Additionally, mechanical filtration doesn’t work for any chemical issues in the pond water.

Biological filtration

This is the basic filtration type for ponds regardless of size. Biological filtration works on decaying leaves and debris in water, nitrates, and bacteria. You have to consider biological filtration if you have fish in your pond. Debris causes a rise in ammonia levels in the pond. However, biological filtration keeps the level of ammonia low for your fish to thrive.

This requires biological filters that eliminate toxins and waste products produced by fish and other aquatic organisms. Biological filtration is a combination of chemical and mechanical filtration. It is a complete filtration process that eliminates toxins, chemicals, and debris from the water.

Bottom line

After determining the appropriate basic equipment for your pond and type of filtration system, it is time to hit the market. You need professional assistance to recommend reputable brands when selecting pond equipment like fountain pumps. Additionally, the purpose of the pond, size, and costs involves are essential considerations when acquiring pong filtration equipment.

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